Genetics determine a large part of who we are, what we look like, how we act and health conditions we may develop. Undoubtedly things like diet, lifestyle changes, and knowing your family medical history can put you ahead of things when it comes to any predisposed health and eye conditions.

Eye health and vision are very much influenced by genetics. Some may be affected early on in life while others will have healthy eyes until later in life. Understanding your family’s health history can help decrease your risk of developing certain conditions and addressing them properly. Here are just a few of the conditions that may be hereditary:

A Few Genetically Linked Eye Problems:

  • Nearsightedness
  • Farsightedness
  • Color Blindness
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa (a rare progressive decline of the retina)

It’s important to remember that environmental influences can play a part in vision problems as well. If you are already genetically inclined to specific eye health issues, certain things can accelerate damage. Things like reading and spending a lot of time behind a computer screen are two common factors that strain the eyes.

Eye Problems That Have Mixed Causes:

  • Glaucoma (fluid build-up in the eye that damages the optic nerve)
  • Age-related macular degeneration (progressive decline of part of the retina)
  • Amblyopia (also known as “lazy eye”)
  • Strabismus (when eyes are aligned in different directions)

Keep your eye health protected by having regular eye exams and being knowledgeable about your family history. This will help to address potential problems early on. If you have any concerns, contact a vision specialist to discuss symptoms and prevention methods. You can also contact a doctor directly through our website!